When Did Sarah`s Law Come into Effect
Sarah was just eight years old when she was kidnapped and murdered in England in 2000. In June 2004, it was reported in the media that Whiting would apply to the Court of Appeal for a reduction of his 50-year minimum sentence.  On June 9, 2010, Whiting`s appeal resulted in a 10-year reduction of his 50-year sentence by a Supreme Court justice. Whiting`s lawyers argued that the 50-year sentence, imposed shortly before the Home Secretary had the power to determine how long prisoners serving life sentences were to be served, was politically motivated; The decision was also made at a time when the government was under fire from the public and the media over a firefighters` strike. Judge Simon said Whiting may have been sentenced to life imprisonment under the 2010 penal guidelines, but apparently reached the 40-year deadline by retroactively applying the guidelines of the original conviction. Whiting is currently serving a minimum sentence of 40 years, which is expected to keep him in prison until at least 2041, when he turns 82. Payne`s mother, Sara, was present and said she was «disappointed» with the decision and that «life should mean life.»  On November 24, 2002, Home Secretary David Blunkett ordered Roy Whiting to spend at least 50 years in prison. This made him unfit for parole until 2051, meaning he would have to live to at least 92 years before parole could be considered. This was, in fact, consistent with the trial judge`s recommendation for a lifetime rate.  Within 48 hours of the verdict, the Law Lords and the European Court of Human Rights ruled in favor of another convicted murderer (Anthony Anderson), who questioned the right of politicians to decide how long a murderer should spend in prison before being considered for parole.  The campaign for Sarah`s law was led by the News of the World newspaper and began in July 2000 in response to Payne`s murder. Her parents supported the campaign because they were sure that a sex offender was responsible for their daughter`s death. Their faith proved correct 17 months later when Roy Whiting was convicted of murder and it was learned that he had already been convicted of kidnapping and indecent assault on an eight-year-old girl.
Sarah`s body was discovered 17 days later by Luke Coleman, a farm labourer, who found it while removing ragwort from a field next to the A29 near Pulborough in West Sussex – about 15 miles from where it was brought. There is currently no equivalent system in Northern Ireland. However, the police will share information in a controlled manner if they deem it necessary for the protection of a child or for risk management. Sarah Payne`s siblings, who were only a few feet away when she was caught, reveal their «guilt» and endless pain Her brother Luke, then 13, had seen a white van skid off the road while looking for it. A third attack on Whiting took place on 8 November 2018, when he was stabbed to death by two other prisoners in his cell at HM Wakefield Prison. He was taken to hospital for treatment, but returned to prison shortly thereafter in stable condition.  On July 23, 2000, Whiting stole a Vauxhall Nova in Crawley and was followed by police at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour (113 km/h) before colliding with a parked vehicle. Whiting was arrested for dangerous driving.
He remained in pre-trial detention until 27 September 2000, when he admitted to taking the car and driving dangerously, and was detained for 22 months.  May said the program, which followed the abduction and murder of eight-year-old Sarah Payne by convicted sex offender Roy Whiting 10 years ago, would also help police deal more effectively with known sex offenders. On the evening of 2 July 2000, Sussex police officers visited Roy Whiting for the first time in his beachfront apartment in Littlehampton to investigate Sarah Payne`s disappearance. A number of other suspects, particularly convicted sex offenders, were also questioned and at least one other person was arrested.  «Not only will this help parents, caregivers or guardians keep their children safe, but it will also help police deal more effectively with known sex offenders living in the community.» The nation wept when, in the summer of 2000, the body of an eight-year-old schoolgirl, Sarah Evelyn Isobel Payne, was discovered 17 days after her disappearance. Sara Payne was inspired to establish the disclosure system for child sex offenders through a similar system in the United States called Megan`s Law, which came into effect after the rape and murder of Megan Kanka by her neighbor in 1994. Like Megan`s Law, Sarah`s Law allows parents, guardians, and guardians of children under the age of 18 to contact police to find out if someone who has been in contact with their child could put them at risk because of previous crimes. Although Scotland does not directly enforce Sarah`s Law, it has a similar system called Keeping Children Safe; In contrast, there is no similar system in Northern Ireland, although the police share information about sex offenders. It is every parent`s worst nightmare that their child could one day fall victim to an unscrupulous sex offender. Sadly, this nightmare became a reality for Sara Payne in the summer of 2000 when her daughter Sarah disappeared near her grandparents` home in Kingston Gorse.
When Sarah`s law came into effect in the UK, it made a remarkable difference. In the United States, all information is made public. In the United Kingdom, information is disclosed confidentially to the person requesting it and must be kept confidential. Sarah Payne, who lived in Hersham, Surrey, disappeared on the evening of July 1, 2000 from a cornfield near the home of her grandfather Terence Payne and his second wife Lesley in Kingston Gorse, West Sussex, England. Payne was playing with her two brothers (then aged 13 and 11) and her younger sister (5) when she disappeared.  A police search of the area began and quickly turned into a national search and national report, with members of the Payne family (mainly his parents Michael and Sara) making numerous calls on television and in newspapers for his safe return. Her disappearance and the ensuing investigation into her murder became a high-profile case in the UK, as did the campaign for changes to child protection legislation that resulted from the murder. The murder investigation was also characterized by the use of forensic evidence, which played an important role in securing a conviction. The NSPCC expressed other concerns.
They claimed Sarah`s law could lure politicians, police and parents into a «false sense of security» about child abuse, while noting that the majority of child abuse takes place at home and goes unreported. She was visiting her grandparents with her parents and siblings on July 1 when she suddenly disappeared. Sarah had disappeared from a cornfield near her grandparents` home in Kingston Gorse, where she was playing with her brothers and sister, and slipped through a hedge on a country road. The President of the Association of Chiefs of Police, Sir Hugh Orde, said: «This is only one part of the much wider way in which the police service keeps young people safe. It`s a welcome part of that arsenal, but it`s only part of it. In July 2011, it was revealed that Sara Payne was one of the targets of News International`s phone-hacking scandal.  Payne refused to believe him because they had been so helpful in defending Sarah`s Law. She even wrote an editorial in the latest issue of the newspaper. Investigators initially thought she had not been hacked because her name did not appear in the file. However, personal data about her was found, which was attributed to another alleged victim. Sara`s phone, which was hacked, was given to her by the editor of the News of the World at the time of the murder, Rebekah Brooks.
In July 2011, Whiting was attacked again in prison, this time stabbed in the eye. Whiting did not file a complaint and, as a result, no police investigation into the attack was conducted. Whiting`s injuries were not life-threatening. His attacker this time was convicted double murderer Gary Vinter.  Initially, there was concern that changes in the law would lead criminals to become victims of vigilante justice.